France Gothic Architecture

Gothic Architecture in France can be divided into 4 stages of design:

Early
High
Rayonnant
Late or Flamboyant Style

Generally speaking, Gothic style in France is characterized by its use of immense height and its emphasis on verticality. In comparison to England, where buildings vary is stylistic approach, architecture in France is quite consistent from building to building. Limsetone was often used as it was easily accessible in the region and different grades were used depending on the structure being created.

 

Notre Dame Cathedral, France

The Early Gothic period (1440) marked an architectural departure from Romanesque Architecture. Walls were taller and thinner and the pointed arch was introduced in building construction. Flying buttresses were now being used to add support to the thinner and higher walls. And, as with other regions in Europe, ribbed vaults were used, along with larger rose windows. High Gothic design in the 13th century continued to construct lighter, thinner and taller structures. Particularly, walls were built to incorporate only 3 tiers of structures; an arcade, clerestory and triforium (see Notre Dame de Paris or Chartes Cathedral).


Trademark Buildings:

  • Notre-Dame Cathedral de Reims (Our Lady of Reims),¬†Champagne-Ardenne
  • Notre Dame Cathedral de Paris (Our Lady of Paris), Ile-de-France
  • Notre-Dame de Amiens (Our Lady of Amiens), Ile-de-France
  • Sainte-Chapelle, Ile-de-France
  • St-Denis Basilica, Il-de-France
  • Toul Cathedral, Lorraine
  • Albi Cathedral, Midi-Pyrenees
  • Chartres Cathedral, Centre
  • Bourges Cathedral. Centre
  • Tours Cathedral, Centre
  • Amiens Cathedral, Picardie
  • Palais des Papes, Provence
  • Rocamadour Shrine, Midi-Pyrenees
  • Strasbourg Cathedral, Alsace
  • Clermont Cathedral, Auvergne

Architecture Styles: