England Gothic Architecture

English Gothic Architecture is said to have the most stylistic diversity when compared to other European designs. However; particular features of English design are common among all European countries. Pointed arches, ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and larger windows are trademarks of this architectural design. Many of the designs developed through different eras in England:

Early English (1189 - 1272)  
Decorated (1272 - 1377)  
Perpendicular (1377 - 1547)  
 
Distinctive features of English style include structures with extreme length and height that incorporated elaborate designs. Additionally, buildings moved away from large, bulky internal and external structures to more elegant, thin and refined creations. Ornamentation and decoration both internally and externally utilized carvings and detailed capitals. Medieval Architecture in England paved the way to Renaissance style in the 16th and 17th century.

Gothic style once again became popular in England during the 18th and 19th century, known as the Revival era. Medieval cathedrals in England represent some of the finest work of English architects. Public buildings, such as universities and trade halls were also built using medieval design. Such influences can also be seen in castles, palaces, and houses. Perpendicular Style is unique to England and cannot be found in other European countries. It developed after the Decorated Style and marked the last era of Gothic Architecture in England.

Trademark buildings include:

  • Exeter Cathedral, Devon
  • Rievaulx Abbey, Yorkshire
  • York Minster, Yorkshire
  • Canterbury Cathedral, Kent
  • Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire
  • Whitby Abbey, Yorkshire
  • Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucestershire
  • Fairford Church, Gloucestershire
  • King's College Chapel, Cambridgeshire
  • St Mary's University Church, Cambridgeshire
  • Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset
  • Bath Abbey, Somerset
  • Wells Cathedral, Somerset
  • Bodleian Library, Oxfordshire
  • St Mary's University Church, Oxfordshire
  • Magdalen College, Oxfordshire
  • Durham Castle, Durham
  • Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire
  • Westminster Abbey, London

Architecture Styles: