Egyptian Pyramids

Egyptian Pyramids at Giza Egypt

How pyramids were built? Any specific construction methods? Why build the pyramids? Facts and meths about the Pyramids, and the Pyramids history. The pyramids at Giza were built during the fourth dynasty of Egypt with the largest and oldest started around 2550 BCE and the two smaller ones constructed soon afterward. The pyramids at Giza were built for three rulers in this dynasty: King Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure.

They ruled Egypt between 2589 and 2504. The pyramids were constructed between 2550 and 2490. The pyramids were designed in order to vessels for the souls of the departed pharaohs, their queens, and anyone else of distinction; though even commoners had tiny mound like pyramids for their spirits to ascend on. The huge pyramids were built from stone quarried and shipped down the Nile River.

The design of the Giza Pyramids is credited to Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu. The pyramids at Giza were built over the space of about sixty years by an army of skilled laborers who would move the stone from the quarry to the site and then build up the pyramid from there. The methods by which the pyramids were built are still being speculated, although a popular theory is that they were pushed up water slicked ramps.

Another popular theory is that they were lifted via a pulley and ramp system. Each side of the pyramid is the same length and corners are aligned to the cardinal points. The inside of the pyramids would be riddled with false burial tombs and tunnels to try to foil grave robbers, although this was proven ineffectual as the tombs were systematically looted over the centuries.

The entire pyramid was then cased in limestone so that in their finished state, they would shine brightly and for miles around, showcasing the glory of the pharaoh encased within. The pyramids may have dulled with time, but they are no less glorious for it.


Architecture History:

Comments

I 've two observations to make.
1). I 've been wondering. In the days of the pyramid construction, could there have been a pre-construction descriptive narrative, graphical documentary and scientific discussion on the feasibility of the concept?   Or, one trusted Architect just ordered his ideas to be implemented by the workers without questions asked? I am curious because, in today's practical team-work involved in Construction, even the common laborer could notice certain incongruencies on-site and point them out or suggest a slight application modification that helps propel the smooth operation of the Project. If Slaves were used to build the Pyramids, how much of their technical input might have gone into the work?
2). Could the Architects' concepts for the Pyramids' design have been driven by some unseen, spiritual guidance? Or, they were purely the products of creative imagination? How did they assemble the Scientific knowledge to piece together the various aspects? Via practical experiences from numerous common endeavors, or via cumulative Mathematical or Scientific principles?

George Berko.

What you're asking is a) was there a central authority who supervised the design, or was it a group effort? Yes, and yes. The earliest pyramid (at Saqqara) was designed by Imhotep, the Pharoah's Vizier, later developments seem to have been worked out back-and-forth, as you suggest (the workmen were mostly unemployed farmers, whose fields were undergoing the yearly inundation).b) Nothing supernatural looks to be in action here. Remember, they had from c.2700 BCE to work things out. Egyptian science was mostly trial and error. Some things, like the Pyramids, worked. Others, like their work in medicine, didn't work so well (using dung as an antiseptic, for instance, and giving women handjobs as a therapeutic technique.)Hope this helps.

--teleny, friend of cats.

It's a summary i suppose. For, we had to go into the details about how pyramids were the tranformed from basic trapazoidal structure called mastabas,

Ebenezer's picture

It is important to note as the this summary pointed out. "No slaves" were used to build pyramids but artisans some skilled more than others.
Ebenezer

These lessons were very impressive and thought-abounding. They have given me an impression that all architecture is more than art. Roderick Gorrell

My comment in regarding to the Pyramid and how they were made, show me that Architecture is a vehicles which solves and answers peoples challenges at a given time or period; Today, if we were to bring back the people that built the Pyramids, we and the so called season Architectures would be surprised with the type of technology and skill which the Pyramids was built; for each civilization has its own “challenges” to overcome. As a student of Architecture, I would encourage both the students and professions to look at things from outside the box, for it is encouraging to see people come up with all kind of theories on how the Pyramids where built!
Muyunda M C
INNOCENT MOYO's picture

I am very excited to receive such information. It has made me to believe that human beings have creative minds. thank you
km

I think they were created for security purpose. As we know to climb a mountain is very very difficult especially such a straight slope of any mountain. Also these pyramids have great heights of its own. If there may any robbers who want to try to getting in they cant do any harm to pyramids or the treasure inside them. As i say treasure because the pharaohs were buried with jewels and much more with them so no one can stole him with this techniques. And in those periods of time there are special persons or groups are assigned to do specific tasks and they have to keep all the things like security or anything else which is beneficial to the king or his family , in their minds. So it may be built for security purpose.