Egyptian Pyramids at Giza Egypt
How pyramids were built? Any specific construction methods? Why build the pyramids? Facts and meths about the Pyramids, and the Pyramids history. The pyramids at Giza were built during the fourth dynasty of Egypt with the largest and oldest started around 2550 BCE and the two smaller ones constructed soon afterward. The pyramids at Giza were built for three rulers in this dynasty: King Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure.
They ruled Egypt between 2589 and 2504. The pyramids were constructed between 2550 and 2490. The pyramids were designed in order to vessels for the souls of the departed pharaohs, their queens, and anyone else of distinction; though even commoners had tiny mound like pyramids for their spirits to ascend on. The huge pyramids were built from stone quarried and shipped down the Nile River.
The design of the Giza Pyramids is credited to Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu. The pyramids at Giza were built over the space of about sixty years by an army of skilled laborers who would move the stone from the quarry to the site and then build up the pyramid from there. The methods by which the pyramids were built are still being speculated, although a popular theory is that they were pushed up water slicked ramps.
Another popular theory is that they were lifted via a pulley and ramp system. Each side of the pyramid is the same length and corners are aligned to the cardinal points. The inside of the pyramids would be riddled with false burial tombs and tunnels to try to foil grave robbers, although this was proven ineffectual as the tombs were systematically looted over the centuries.
The entire pyramid was then cased in limestone so that in their finished state, they would shine brightly and for miles around, showcasing the glory of the pharaoh encased within. The pyramids may have dulled with time, but they are no less glorious for it.