Phase 2: Stairs & Wiring
Lets learn about stairs and thier types such as spiral stairway, circular stairway, wood stairway, steel stairway, and contemporary staircase. Stairs are an important consideration when designing your home. There are two kinds of stairs, main stairs, which are those stairs between finished areas, and those stairs that go to storage areas, laundry and other smaller areas. For our main stairs, we used more expensive materials and put more thought into the design and size; the other stairs to smaller areas of the house were not as fancy.
Stair guards are used to surround the openings to protect against falling over the edge and handrails are installed to help going up and down. The recommended dimensions for the rise-to-run is a rise of 7 – 7.5 in. (180 to 190 mm) with a run of 9 ¾ to 10 ¼ in. (250 to 265 mm) with a minimum headroom of 6 ft. 6 in. (1.95 m). There are special terms used in stair building, and below in the image are parts of the stairs:
Electrical wiring is done after the exterior wall sheathing and roof are done. At this stage, the wiring and boxes are installed for outlets, lights and switches, all of which need to follow local codes and regulations. Insulation is typically put in after this. The placement of outlets and boxes needs to be carefully planned before the house building begins. We spent countless hours with our architect thinking about what types of appliances and electronics we would use, and how we could implement an efficient and pleasing layout. Any changes that are made after the house is built are VERY expensive.
One of the good things about using wood-frame housing is that you can find creative ways to hide a lot of the heating and plumbing systems. When you are designing the framing for the house, especially the floor framing, be sure to consider the piping and ductwork that will need to be added later. You will need to install the plumbing after the framing is done for it. There is a term called “roughing-in” which basically means that plumbing vents and drains, and hot and cold water piping is put in so that it can later in enclosed in the walls, ceilings and floors.
There are many ways that the house can be heated, such as hot-water heating systems, electric systems and single-space heaters, all of which can be easily installed in a wood-frame house. We used an electric system in our house since it has a multi-control feature. Some of the most common ones used include forced warm-air, electric baseboards and forced flow hot-water heating. Each type has its own set of local regulations, which you need to check before purchasing and installing, and all need proper and controlled ventilation.