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Architecture History

Almost no part of the world has gone  untouched by human intervention. Although one might argue that practicing Architects these days generally do not need very specific and detailed knowledge of architecture in the past, still the goal of theses courses is to provide architects and architecture students with a broad general exposure to the visual culture of architecture as manifestations of culture in a historical context.

Therefore these courses survey, chronologically and thematically, a number of theoretical issues, technologies and social changes that have intersected with, influenced or been interpreted by architecture and related practices concerned with the built environment. These courses should increase your awareness of how Architecture involves not only technology and visual design, but in ours as in all past ages can also be understood as Ideas in Three-Dimensional Form.

Understanding of the critical design factors can indeed be better explained if introduced through the historical context, perception, communication and meaning of architecture. The following courses showcase differing architecture and it is up to the student to learn from these ancient designers and professionals, both through the eyes of the professors and the writers and through their own eyes.

History and theory in architecture are part of the school of architecture curriculum. This section aims to discuss the essentials of the theories of architecture, historic treatises, and modern concepts of architecture. It covers architecture throughout history and the redevelopment of the concepts of architecture along with the history of architecture and art. The relationship between design, history and theory will be introduced.

We will examine the relationship between design, history and theory in a broad range of online free architectural courses. All of these subjects and more are examined with examples to show their influence on architecture. This section provides a foundation for the analytical and critical understanding of design issues.

  1. History of Ideas in Architecture 1: The Ancient & Classical Worlds
  1. Egyptian Pyramids
  2. The Ziggurat at Ur
  3. Stonehenge, England
  4. Viking Tombs Old Uppsala
  5. Tomb of Ch’in Shih Huang Ti, Mount Li
  6. Great Stupa at Sanchi
  7. Anuradhapura Dagobas,Sri Lanka
  8. Teotihuacan (Piramides de Teotihuacan)
  9. Temple of Amun-Re, Karnak
  10. Palace of Minos, Knossos
  11. The Parthenon, Ancient Athens
  12. Olympia and Greek Temple of Zeus
  13. Persepolis Persia
  14. Chaitya Hall, Karli
  15. Maison Carree, Nimes

2. History of Ideas in Architecture; Medieval Times

This is the second part of architecture history. It's about principles and ideas which shaped architecture and cities through out the world across Eurasia from 300 – 1450 A.D.

  1. Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
  2. Maxentius Basilica, Rome
  3. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
  4. Ibn Tulun’s Mosque, Cairo
  5. Kings College, Cambridge (the architecture)
  6. Dome of Soltaniyeh, Iran
  7. Süleymaniye Mosque, Turkey
  8. Blue Mosque (Ahmediye) Istanbul
  9. Taj Mahal, Agra
  10. Badshahi mosque, Lahore

3. History of Ideas in Architecture 3: Post-Medieval (Medieval to Early Modern)

Architecture across Eurasia from 1400 – 1750. These courses are about how architecture was used to promote and sustain states structured along hierarchical and hereditary lines in China, Japan, Russia, and Europe. Having these course goals in mind will then help you better undestand Post-Medieval Architecture.

  1.  Imperial Palace, Kyoto
  2.  Katsura Villa
  3.  Hideyoshi’s Castle, Osaka
  4.  Nikko
  5. Toyonaka field museum 
  1.  Moscow Kremlin
  2.  Red Square
  3.  Old Palace, Kolomenskoye
  4.  Winter Palace
  5. log buildings,  Kolomenskoye; 18th-century houses
  6. Anichkov mansion 
  1. Chambord
  2. Escorial
  3. Sans Souci, Postsdam
  4. Tres Riches Heures: Charles V’s Louvre; peasant huts 
  1. Palazzo Medici, Florence
  2. Sephardic Synagogue, Amsterdam
  3. Villa Rotunda
  4. Vitruvius Britannicus
  5. Monticello
  1. Palazzi Rucellai
  2. Riccardi
  3. Florence Stock Exchange
  4. Monticello

4. History of Ideas in Architecture 4: Modernist (c.1750 – c.1970)

Courses that cover the Modernist Period:

Three Belief Systems in Western Architecture c.17500-c.1860 

  1. Boullee’s Monument to Newton
  2. New Town, Edinburgh
  3. Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, Paris
  4. U.S. Capital
  5. University of Virginia Charlottesville
  6. Parliament Buildings, London.
  7. also:  Space museum, Wapakoneta Ohio; Ledoux’s model  guard house; Chaux Saltworks; Vendome column; Bourse,  St. Petersburg; Victor Considerant’s plan for a phalanstery;  St. Croix Orleans, Notre-Dame Montreal; Parliament Buildings Ottaw.
  • From Crystal Palace to Pravda Project: Mechanistic Theory in search of Architectural Form 
  1. Crystal Palace, London
  2. Science Museum, Oxford
  3. Paris Opera
  4. Viollet-le-Duc’s “Primaeval Hut”
  5. Eiffel Tower
  6. Einstein Tower, Berlin
  7. Project for Leningradskaya Pravda
  8. also:  prefabricated iron palace, Nigeria; Haussmann’s Paris plan;  Odeon Theatre, Paris; prehistoric reconstructions:  Terra Amata,  Mezarich; Sacre Coeur, Paris; Sagrada Familia, Barcelona; Paris  Metro; Unity Temple, Chicago; Larkin Factory/Office, Buffalo;  projects for the University of Minsk
  • The War Between the Wars:  Modernism Takes Command c.1920-1950.
  1. Viceroy’s Palace, New Delhi
  2. Stockholm City Hall
  3. Chrysler Tower, New York
  4. Dauhaus, Dessau
  5. Villa Savoye
  6. Marchfield, Nuremberg
  7. Colonial Williamsburg restoration
  8. Fallingwater
  9. Crown Hall, I.I.T., Chicago
  10. also:  “Greywalls” Gullane; Engelbrekt Church, Stockholm;  WCTU Building (Root) Chicago; Moscow University;  Rockefeller Center; prefab bungalows; Gropius/Breuer house,  Lincoln; “prairie house” by Frank Lloyd Wright, and suburban  house in “Prairie” style
  • Forever Future: The Modernist Moment c.1950-c1970
  1. UN Building, New York
  2. Seagram Building, New York
  3. Chandigarh
  4. Florida Southern College, Lakeland
  5. Expo 67, Montreal
  6. Pruitt-Igoe, St. Louis.
  7. also:  Bacardi Rum building,  Mexico City; Ronchamp; “Cite  Contemporaine”, City in the Sky, Tokyo; Hilberseimer’s  Ideal Skyscraper City; Roehampton; Akalla
  • Some Other Representativ Monuments To Modernist Ideas In Europe & North America
  1. Bamberg vcy
  2. Boullee’s projected monument to Sir Isaac Newton
  3. United States Capitol, Washington
  4. University of Virginia campus, Charlottesville
  5. Westminster New Palace (Parliament Buildings) London
  6. Physical Sciences Museum, Oxford
  7. The Bauhaus, Dessau
  8. Villa Savoye, Paris
  9. Marzfeld, Nuremberg
  10. Old Virginia Capitol in Historic Williamsburg
  11. Fallingwater, Mill Run, Pennsylvania
  12. Crown Hall, Ill. Inst. Of Tech., Chicago
  13. United Nations Headquarters, New York
  14. Chandigarh, Punjab
  15. Pruitt-Igoe housing project, St. Louis

5. History of Ideas in Architecture 5: Post-Modern Architecture (Ultra Modern Architecture )

Architecture across the world from 1970 – 2014. These courses are about ultra modren architecture that is shapping the world now in Dubai, USA, UK, and the rest of the world.

  1. Dubai Modern Architecture
  2. United States Modern Architecture
  3. Europe Modern Architecture
  4. Asia Modern Architecture

Special Gothic Architecture Courses:

Others:


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Article | by Dr. Radut